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UCLA Colorectal Cancer Treatment Program


Colorectal Cancer Education

Here are some colon cancer conditions and treatments.

Bloody stool or Melena (black or tarry): Bloody stools often indicate an injury or disorder in the digestive tract. Your doctor may use the term "melena" to describe black, tarry, and foul-smelling stools or "hematochezia" to describe red- or maroon-colored stools. More »

Cancer and diet (fiber and nitrates): There are nutritional and dietary elements that have proven relationships to certain diseases or conditions.  More »

Colon cancer (colorectal or rectal cancer):  Colon, colorectal cancer or rectal cancer is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon).  Other types of cancer can affect the colon, such as lymphoma, carcinoid tumors, melanoma, and sarcomas. More »

Colon cancer screening or Sigmoidoscopy screening: Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers. Such screening can detect changes that can be treated before symptoms develop. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer. More »

Colonoscopy:  A colonoscopy is an internal examination of the colon (large intestine) and rectum, using an instrument called a colonoscope. More »

Colorectal polyps (adenomatous polyps, hyperplastic polys or villous adenomas): A colorectal polyp is a growth that sticks out of the lining of the colon or rectum. More »

Fecal occult blood test - flushable home test: Flushable reagent stool blood test is an at-home test to detect hidden blood in the stool. More »

Lower GI bleeding: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding refers to any bleeding that starts in the gastrointestinal tract, which extends from the mouth to the anus. More »

Virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography: Virtual colonoscopy (VC) combines MRI or CT scans with sophisticated computer software to produce three-dimensional images of the colon and rectum. The test is less invasive than conventional colonoscopy. More »

For complete list of cancer-related conditions & treatments, please visit our Cancer Health Center page.


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